When the aspirated material lands on the lungs, it can cause pneumonia. There are two types of aspiration pneumonia.
DAP – Dysphagia-related Aspiration Pnuemonia
This happens because of oropharyngeal dysphagia (a swallow problem in the mouth or throat). It needs the following;
- A pathogen in solid or liquid matter
- Travels down by gravity to its destination
- It’s not airborne, nor is it an inhaled pathogen
- It can occur anywhere in the lungs
NDAP – Non dysphagia-related Aspiration Pneumonia
This is oesophago-gastric aspiration. It’s because of reflux or vomiting.